PI-RADS 3 score: A retrospective experience of clinically significant prostate cancer detection.

TitlePI-RADS 3 score: A retrospective experience of clinically significant prostate cancer detection.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsCamacho A, Salah F, Bay CP, Waring J, Umeton R, Hirsch MS, Cole AP, Kibel AS, Loda M, Tempany CM, Fennessy FM
JournalBJUI Compass
Date Published2023 Jul

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims to propose an optimal workflow in patients with a PI-RADS 3 (PR-3) assessment category (AC) through determining the timing and type of pathology interrogation used for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) in these men based upon a 5-year retrospective review in a large academic medical center.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This United States Health Insurance Probability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective study included men without prior csPCa diagnosis who received PR-3 AC on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MRI). Subsequent incidence and time to csPCa diagnosis and number/type of prostate interventions was recorded. Categorical data were compared using Fisher's exact test and continuous data using ANOVA omnibus F-test.

RESULTS: Our cohort of 3238 men identified 332 who received PR-3 as their highest AC on MRI, 240 (72.3%) of whom had pathology follow-up within 5 years. csPCa was detected in 76/240 (32%) and non-csPCa in 109/240 (45%) within 9.0 ± 10.6 months. Using a non-targeted trans-rectal ultrasound biopsy as the initial approach (n = 55), another diagnostic procedure was required to diagnose csPCa in 42/55 (76.4%) of men, compared with 3/21(14.3%) men with an initial MR targeted-biopsy approach (n = 21); (p < 0.0001). Those with csPCa had higher median serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and PSA density, and lower median prostate volume (p < 0.003) compared with non-csPCa/no PCa.

CONCLUSION: Most patients with PR-3 AC underwent prostate pathology exams within 5 years, 32% of whom were found to have csPCa within 1 year of MRI, most often with a higher PSA density and a prior non-csPCa diagnosis. Addition of a targeted biopsy approach initially reduced the need for a second biopsy to reach a for csPCa diagnosis. Thus, a combination of systematic and targeted biopsy is advised in men with PR-3 and a co-existing abnormal PSA and PSA density.

Alternate JournalBJUI Compass
PubMed ID37334024
PubMed Central IDPMC10268585
Grant ListP41 EB015898 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
P41 EB028741 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA232174 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 EB030539 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
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Massimo Loda, M.D.

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