Intermittent parathyroid hormone increases stability and improves osseointegration of initially unstable implants.

TitleIntermittent parathyroid hormone increases stability and improves osseointegration of initially unstable implants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsStaats K, Sosa BR, Kuyl E-V, Niu Y, Suhardi V, Turajane K, Windhager R, Greenblatt MB, Ivashkiv L, Bostrom MPG, Yang X
JournalBone Joint Res
Date Published2022 May

AIMS: To develop an early implant instability murine model and explore the use of intermittent parathyroid hormone (iPTH) treatment for initially unstable implants.

METHODS: 3D-printed titanium implants were inserted into an oversized drill-hole in the tibiae of C57Bl/6 mice (n = 54). After implantation, the mice were randomly divided into three treatment groups (phosphate buffered saline (PBS)-control, iPTH, and delayed iPTH). Radiological analysis, micro-CT (µCT), and biomechanical pull-out testing were performed to assess implant loosening, bone formation, and osseointegration. Peri-implant tissue formation and cellular composition were evaluated by histology.

RESULTS: iPTH reduced radiological signs of loosening and led to an increase in peri-implant bone formation over the course of four weeks (timepoints: one week, two weeks, and four weeks). Observational histological analysis shows that iPTH prohibits the progression of fibrosis. Delaying iPTH treatment until after onset of peri-implant fibrosis still resulted in enhanced osseointegration and implant stability. Despite initial instability, iPTH increased the mean pull-out strength of the implant from 8.41 N (SD 8.15) in the PBS-control group to 21.49 N (SD 10.45) and 23.68 N (SD 8.99) in the immediate and delayed iPTH groups, respectively. Immediate and delayed iPTH increased mean peri-implant bone volume fraction (BV/TV) to 0.46 (SD 0.07) and 0.34 (SD 0.10), respectively, compared to PBS-control mean BV/TV of 0.23 (SD 0.03) (PBS-control vs immediate iPTH, p < 0.001; PBS-control vs delayed iPTH, p = 0.048; immediate iPTH vs delayed iPTH, p = 0.111).

CONCLUSION: iPTH treatment mediated successful osseointegration and increased bone mechanical strength, despite initial implant instability. Clinically, this suggests that initially unstable implants may be osseointegrated with iPTH treatment. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2022;11(5):260-269.

Alternate JournalBone Joint Res
PubMed ID35502760
PubMed Central IDPMC9130671
Grant ListR01 AI044938 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
R01 DE019420 / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
Related Faculty: 
Matthew B. Greenblatt, M.D., Ph.D.

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