Analyzing and modeling massive transfusion strategies and the role of fibrinogen-How much is the patient actually receiving?

TitleAnalyzing and modeling massive transfusion strategies and the role of fibrinogen-How much is the patient actually receiving?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsKeltner NM, Cushing MM, Haas T, Spinella PC
Date Published2024 Mar 03

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death in trauma, cardiac surgery, liver transplant, and childbirth. While emphasis on protocolization and ratio of blood product transfusion improves ability to treat hemorrhage rapidly, tools to facilitate understanding of the overall content of a specific transfusion strategy are lacking. Medical modeling can provide insights into where deficits in treatment could arise and key areas for clinical study. By using a transfusion model to gain insight into the aggregate content of massive transfusion protocols (MTPs), clinicians can optimize protocols and create opportunities for future studies of precision transfusion medicine in hemorrhage treatment.

METHODS: The transfusion model describes the individual round and aggregate content provided by four rounds of MTP, illustrating that the total content of blood elements and coagulation factor changes over time, independent of the patient's condition. The configurable model calculates the aggregate hematocrit, platelet concentration, percent volume plasma, total grams and concentration of citrate, percent volume anticoagulant and additive solution, and concentration of clotting factors: fibrinogen, factor XIII, factor VIII, and von Willebrand factor, provided by the MTP strategy.

RESULTS: Transfusion strategies based on a 1:1:1 or whole blood foundation provide between 13.7 and 17.2‚ÄČL of blood products over four rounds. Content of strategies varies widely across all measurements based on base strategy and addition of concentrated sources of fibrinogen and other key clotting factors.

DISCUSSION: Differences observed between modeled transfusion strategies provide key insights into potential opportunities to provide patients with precision transfusion strategy.

Alternate JournalTransfusion
PubMed ID38433522
Related Faculty: 
Melissa Cushing, M.D.

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1300 York Avenue New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6464
Surgical Pathology: (212) 746-2700