Predictive values of various serum biomarkers in women with suspected preeclampsia: A prospective study.

TitlePredictive values of various serum biomarkers in women with suspected preeclampsia: A prospective study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsWang J, Hu H, Liu X, Zhao S, Zheng Y, Jia Z, Chen L, Zhang C, Xie X, Zhong J, Dong Y, Liu J, Lu Y, Zhao Z, Zhai Y, Zhao J, Cao Z
JournalJ Clin Lab Anal
Date Published2021 May

BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) prediction has been shown to improve the maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy. We aimed to evaluate the PE prediction values of a series of serum biomarkers.

METHODS: The singleton pregnant women (20-36 gestational weeks) with PE-related clinical and/or laboratory presentations were recruited and had the blood drawn at their first visits. The following markers were tested with the collected serum samples: soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), thrombomodulin (TM), tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor complex (tPAI-C), complement factors C1q, B, H, glycosylated fibronectin (GlyFn), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cre), uric acid (UA), and cystatin C (Cysc).

RESULTS: Of the 196 recruited subjects, 25% (n = 49) developed preeclampsia before delivery, and 75% remained preeclampsia negative (n = 147). The serum levels of sFlt-1, BUN, Cre, UA, Cysc, and PAPP-A2 were significantly elevated, and the PlGF level was significantly decreased in the preeclampsia-positive patients. In the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses, the area under the curves were listed in the order of decreasing values: 0.73 (UA), 0.67 (sFlt-1/PlGF), 0.66 (Cysc), 0.65 (GlyFn/PlGF), 0.64 (PAPP-A2/PlGF), 0.63 (BUN), 0.63 (Cre), and 0.60 (PAPP-A2). The positive predictive values of these serum markers were between 33.1% and 58.5%, and the negative predictive values were between 80.9% and 89.5%.

CONCLUSIONS: The serum markers investigated in current study showed better performance in ruling out than ruling in PE. Absence of pre-defined latency period between blood draw and the onset of PE limits the clinical utility of these markers.

Alternate JournalJ Clin Lab Anal
PubMed ID33616216
PubMed Central IDPMC8128315
Grant ListPX2020060 / / Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals Incubating Program /
81702057 / / National Natural Science Foundation of China /
Related Faculty: 
Zhen Zhao, Ph.D.

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