|An optimized protocol for evaluating pathogenicity of VHL germline variants in patients suspected with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: Using somatic genome to inform the role of germline variants.
|Year of Publication
|Koeller DR, Manning DK, Schwartz A, Chittenden A, Hayes CP, Abraamyan F, Rana HQ, Lindeman NI, Garber JE, Ghazani AA
The interpretation of hereditary genetic sequencing variants is often limited due to the absence of functional data and other key evidence to assess the role of variants in disease. Cancer genetics is unique, as two sets of genomic information are often available from a cancer patient: somatic and germline. Despite the progress made in the integrated analysis of somatic and germline findings, the assessment of pathogenicity of germline variants in high penetrance genes remains grossly underutilized. Indeed, standard ACMG/AMP guidelines for interpreting germline sequence variants do not address the evidence derived from tumor data in cancer. Previously, we have demonstrated the utility of somatic tumor data as supporting evidence to elucidate the role of germline variants in patients suspected with VHL syndrome and other cancers. We have leveraged the key elements of cancer genetics in these cases: genes with expected high disease penetrance and those with a known biallelic mechanism of tumorigenicity. Here we provide our optimized protocol for evaluating the pathogenicity of germline VHL variants using informative somatic profiling data. This protocol provides details of case selection, assessment of personal and family evidence, somatic tumor profiles, and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) as supporting evidence for the re-evaluation of germline variants.
|PubMed Central ID
Neal Lindeman, M.D.