Gene transfer of transforming growth factor-beta 1 prolongs murine cardiac allograft survival by inhibiting cell-mediated immunity.

TitleGene transfer of transforming growth factor-beta 1 prolongs murine cardiac allograft survival by inhibiting cell-mediated immunity.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsQin L, Ding Y, Bromberg JS
JournalHum Gene Ther
Date Published1996 Oct 20
KeywordsAnimals, Female, Gene Transfer Techniques, Heart Transplantation, Immunity, Cellular, Immunosuppression, Immunosuppressive Agents, Interleukin-2, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred CBA, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Transplantation, Homologous

Delivery of immunosuppressants directly to allografts using gene transfer and gene therapy approaches may inhibit immune activation while avoiding the systemic toxicity of conventional immunosuppression. Cardiac grafts from allogeneic (C57BL/6, H-2b) donors were transplanted into CBA/J (H-2k) recipients in a heterotopic, non-vascularized model pSVTGF-beta 1, a plasmid encoding murine transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) under the control of an SV40 promoter, was directly injected into grafts at surgery and prolonged survival from 12.0 +/- 0.7 to 25.1 +/- 2.1 days (p < 0.001) in a dose-dependent manner. Plasmid gene transfer-induced immunosuppression was localized to the area of the graft because plasmid injected remote from the graft did not prolong allograft survival and systemic immunity was not influenced by local gene transfer. Limiting dilution analysis of graft-infiltrating cells demonstrated that gene transfer reduced the precursor frequency of donor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and activated and total interleukin-2 (IL-2) producing helper T lymphocytes (HTL) in graft-infiltrating cells, whereas CTL generation and HTL precursor frequency in splenic lymphocytes were not altered. Additional data revealed that gene transfer inhibited the priming of TH0 cells and the conversion of primed TH1 cells to activated cells without the participation of TH2 suppressors. These data demonstrate that gene transfer of plasmid DNA encoding TGF-beta 1 in vivo suppresses local T cell immunity, which prolongs allograft survival.

Alternate JournalHum Gene Ther
PubMed ID8930658
Grant ListP60-AR20557 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
Related Faculty: 
Lihui Qin, M.D., Ph.D.

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1300 York Avenue New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6464
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