Endothelial Spns2 and ApoM Regulation of Vascular Tone and Hypertension Via Sphingosine-1-Phosphate.

TitleEndothelial Spns2 and ApoM Regulation of Vascular Tone and Hypertension Via Sphingosine-1-Phosphate.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsDel Gaudio I, Rubinelli L, Sasset L, Wadsack C, Hla T, Di Lorenzo A
JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
Date Published2021 07 20

Background Most of the circulating sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is bound to ApoM (apolipoprotein M) of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and mediates many beneficial effects of HDL on the vasculature via G protein-coupled S1P receptors. HDL-bound S1P is decreased in atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and diabetes mellitus. In addition to being the target, the endothelium is a source of S1P, which is transported outside of the cells by Spinster-2, contributing to circulating S1P as well as to local signaling. Mice lacking endothelial S1P receptor 1 are hypertensive, suggesting a vasculoprotective role of S1P signaling. This study investigates the role of endothelial-derived S1P and ApoM-bound S1P in regulating vascular tone and blood pressure. Methods and Results ApoM knockout (ApoM KO) mice and mice lacking endothelial Spinster-2 (ECKO-Spns2) were infused with angiotensin II for 28 days. Blood pressure, measured by telemetry and tail-cuff, was significantly increased in both ECKO-Spns2 and ApoM KO versus control mice, at baseline and following angiotensin II. Notably, ECKO-Spns2 presented an impaired vasodilation to flow and blood pressure dipping, which is clinically associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events. In hypertension, both groups presented reduced flow-mediated vasodilation and some degree of impairment in endothelial NO production, which was more evident in ECKO-Spns2. Increased hypertension in ECKO-Spns2 and ApoM KO mice correlated with worsened cardiac hypertrophy versus controls. Conclusions Our study identifies an important role for Spinster-2 and ApoM-HDL in blood pressure homeostasis via S1P-NO signaling and dissects the pathophysiological impact of endothelial-derived S1P and ApoM of HDL-bound S1P in hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy.

Alternate JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
PubMed ID34240614
PubMed Central IDPMC8483458
Grant ListR01 HL126913 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL152195 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R21 NS104512 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
Related Faculty: 
Annarita Di Lorenzo, Ph.D.

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1300 York Avenue New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6464
Surgical Pathology: (212) 746-2700