Donor-derived acute myeloid leukemia in solid organ transplantation.

TitleDonor-derived acute myeloid leukemia in solid organ transplantation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMarchionni L, Lobo FPereira, Kostadinov R, Serra A, Besso FGenzano, Deaglio S, Stratta P, Berrino M, Zanettini C, Imada ELuidy, Omar MN, Gaidano G, Bruno B, Saglio G, Amoroso A
JournalAm J Transplant
Date Published2022 Dec
KeywordsHumans, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Nucleophosmin, Organ Transplantation, Tissue Donors

We report the transmission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undetected at donation from a deceased organ donor to two kidneys and one liver recipients. We reviewed the medical records, and performed molecular analyses and whole exome sequencing (WES) to ascertain AML donor origin and its molecular evolution. The liver recipient was diagnosed 11 months after transplantation and died from complications 2 months later. The two kidney recipients (R1 and R2) were diagnosed 19 and 20 months after transplantation and both received treatment for leukemia. R1 died of complications 11 months after diagnosis, while R2 went into complete remission for 44 months, before relapsing. R2 died 10 months later of complications from allogenic bone marrow transplantation. Microsatellite analysis demonstrated donor chimerism in circulating cells from both kidney recipients. Targeted molecular analyses and medical records revealed NPM1 mutation present in the donor and recipients, while FLT3 was mutated only in R1. These findings were confirmed by WES, which revealed additional founder and clonal mutations, and HLA genomic loss in R2. In conclusion, we report the first in-depth genomic analysis of AML transmission following solid organ transplantation, revealing distinct clonal evolution, and providing a potential molecular explanation for tumor escape.

Alternate JournalAm J Transplant
PubMed ID35979657
Grant ListR01 CA200859 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
Related Faculty: 
Luigi Marchionni, M.D., Ph.D.

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