Delivery prediction by quantitative analysis of four steroid metabolites with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in asymptomatic pregnant women.

TitleDelivery prediction by quantitative analysis of four steroid metabolites with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in asymptomatic pregnant women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMeng L, Su S, Li L, Liu S, Li Y, Liu Y, Lu Y, Xu Z, Liu L, He Q, Zheng Y, Liu X, Cong Y, Zhai Y, Zhao Z, Cao Z
JournalAnn Med
Date Published2022 Dec
KeywordsChromatography, Liquid, Female, Gestational Age, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Pregnancy, Pregnant Women, Steroids, Tandem Mass Spectrometry

BACKGROUND: Prediction of delivery is important for assessing due dates, providing adequate prenatal care, and suggesting appropriate interventions in preterm and post-term pregnancies. Recent metabolomic findings suggested that the temporal abundance information of metabolome can be used to predict delivery timing with high accuracy in a cohort of healthy women. However, a targeted and quantitative assay is required to further validate the clinical performance and utility of this group of metabolomic candidates in delivery prediction with a larger and independent cohort.

METHOD: LC-MS/MS quantitative assays were applied to determine the plasma concentrations of four steroid metabolites, including oestriol-16-glucuronide (E3-16-Gluc), 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (THDOC), and androstane-3,17-diol (A-3,17-Diol) in asymptomatic women of singleton pregnancies (≥30th gestational weeks). Subsequent statistical analysis was conducted to assess the performance of the above candidates in delivery prediction.

RESULT: Using LC-MS/MS, four steroids were separated and quantified in 5.5 min. The coefficients of variation (CVs) of the four analytes at the lower limit of quantification ranged from 7.9% to 14.6%, with the R2 values greater than 0.990 in the calibration curves. Of the 585 recruited pregnant women who ended up with spontaneous delivery, 17.1% and 82.9% of the subjects delivered within and after 7 days since plasma collection, respectively. In the receiver operator curve analysis, the gestational age-adjusted area under the curve of the combined measurements of E3-16-Gluc and 17-OHP was 0.69 (95% CI: 0.60-0.76), with the sensitivity of 87.0% (95% CI: 78.8%-92.9%) and specificity of 60.2% (95% CI: 55.7%-64.6%). Moreover, the positive and the negative predictive values were 28.3%-34.0% and 93.1%-97.4% respectively for this combined panel.

CONCLUSION: We performed analytical and clinical validation of a quantitation LC-MS/MS panel for the four steroids in the plasma of pregnant women. The steroid metabolites panel of E3-16-Gluc and 17-OHP was potentially useful for predicting delivery within one week in asymptomatic women of singleton pregnancies. Key messagesA quantitative LC-MS/MS assay for determining the plasma levels of 17-OHP, THDOC, A-3,17-Diol and E3-16-Gluc was developed and validated, in order to evaluate their predictive performance in asymptomatic delivery of singleton pregnancy. The levels of E3-16-Gluc and 17-OHP were found to be significantly elevated at the time of sampling in women that delivered within one week and their combinational testing may be potentially useful in delivery prediction.

Alternate JournalAnn Med
PubMed ID35467464
PubMed Central IDPMC9045778
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