Immunohistochemical studies of human immunodeficiency virus-1 in liver tissues of patients with AIDS.

TitleImmunohistochemical studies of human immunodeficiency virus-1 in liver tissues of patients with AIDS.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsHoda SA, White JE, Gerber MA
JournalMod Pathol
Date Published1991 Sep
KeywordsAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Adolescent, Adult, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, Viral, HIV-1, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Liver, Male

A wide spectrum of hepatic lesions has been reported in AIDS, but it is not known whether the changes are related to the presence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Therefore, we examined liver sections from 15 consecutively autopsied patients with AIDS for the presence of HIV-1 antigens p24 (core) and gp41 (envelope) by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method using monoclonal antibodies. The most common histologic abnormalities noted were steatosis, portal inflammation, Kupffer cell hyperplasia, and focal hepatocellular and bile duct damage. Intra-hepatic opportunistic organisms were detected in six of 15 (40%) cases, with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare being the commonest (four cases). Immunoreactivity for HIV-1 antigens was demonstrated in 12 of 15 cases (80%), with staining limited to Kupffer cells and other mononuclear cells characterized by a lymphoid morphology. Approximately the same number and type of cells were stained with both monoclonal antibodies and did not bear any relation to the degree of histologic abnormalities nor to the presence of opportunistic infections. The data suggest that some pathologic changes in AIDS livers are more likely the result of an indirect effect mediated by infected resident and circulating mononuclear cells than a direct cytopathic effect of HIV-1.

Alternate JournalMod Pathol
PubMed ID1758870
Grant ListDK40587 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
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Syed Hoda, M.D.

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