p53 gene expression in medulloblastoma by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

Titlep53 gene expression in medulloblastoma by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsLoda M, Giangaspero F, Badiali M, Capodieci P, Pession A
JournalDiagn Mol Pathol
Date Published1992 Mar
KeywordsAnimals, Base Sequence, Cerebellar Neoplasms, Child, Child, Preschool, Chromosome Deletion, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17, DNA Primers, DNA, Neoplasm, Female, Gene Expression, Genes, p53, Humans, Male, Medulloblastoma, Mice, Mice, Nude, Molecular Sequence Data, Neoplasm Transplantation, Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger, RNA, Neoplasm, Transplantation, Heterologous, Tubulin, Tumor Cells, Cultured

The frequent cytogenetic abnormality--isochromosome 17q [i(17)q]--observed in medulloblastomas (MB) may result in altered expression of the oncosuppressor gene p53 that is located on 17p. p53 expression was therefore evaluated in five MBs and in one MB cell line derived from one of these tumors. Expression levels of p53 utilizing serially diluted unfractionated RNA from tumors and the cell line were assessed both by dot-blot and by reverse transcription (RT) followed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The quality of RNA, efficiency of reaction, and transcript quantitation were determined by simultaneous transcription and amplification of a similarly sized fragment of the alpha-tubulin gene. All MBs showed low levels of expression of p53 compared to those found in normal tissues. p53 messenger RNA (mRNA) was significantly increased (two- to threefold) in the MB cell line compared to its tumor of origin and to the other MBs. Immunoperoxidase studies performed with monoclonal antibodies to the p53 protein product showed focal nuclear expression in one of five of the original tumors while most cells grown in vitro and in the xenograft were positive.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Alternate JournalDiagn Mol Pathol
PubMed ID1342953
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Massimo Loda, M.D.

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