Localized lymphomatoid papulosis: Unilesional lymphomatoid papulosis, regional lymphomatoid papulosis, and persistent agmination of lymphomatoid papulosis.

TitleLocalized lymphomatoid papulosis: Unilesional lymphomatoid papulosis, regional lymphomatoid papulosis, and persistent agmination of lymphomatoid papulosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMagro CM, Mo JH, Telang G
JournalClin Dermatol
Date Published2022 Nov-Dec
KeywordsAged, Disease Progression, Humans, Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous, Lymphomatoid Papulosis, Mycosis Fungoides, Skin Neoplasms

Lymphomatoid papulosis (LYP), the most common primary cutaneous CD30-positive lymphoproliferative disorder, is heralded by multiple papular and nodular lesions at anatomically discontiguous cutaneous sites. The histologic patterns are protean. An uncommon form of LYP is one that is anatomically confined. Cases of unilesional LYP, regional LYP, and persistent agmination of LYP were encountered in the routine and consultative practices of Weill Cornell Medicine, Division of Dermatopathology. The clinical presentation, outcomes, light microscopic findings, and phenotypic profile are reviewed. There were 10 cases of LYP presenting as solitary plaques or nodules primarily occurring in older patients and without a relevant medical history in most. Most cases occurred at an acral site with many localized to the foot; the morphology was one of a necrotizing angiocentric type E pattern and borderline type C morphology. Two of the unilesional patients in our series went on to develop mycosis fungoides, one at the initial site of unilesional type A LYP, and the other at a discontiguous site. Excluding one case, the solitary lesions underwent complete regression; after the lesions regressed, some cases had no apparent recurrence. The second anatomically confined variant of LYP in our series was regional LYP exhibiting a type E morphology in two cases and a hybrid type A and granulomatous eccrinotropic morphology in one case. There was no subsequent development of lymphoma, nor was there any spread to additional anatomic sites. The final category was persistent agmination of LYP, whereby the agminated papules of LYP were superimposed on a plaque of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma represented by mycosis fungoides in two and follicular helper T-cell lymphoma in one. In conclusion, anatomically confined LYP defines an uncommon form of LYP, but it is an important one to recognize because the histology can be worrisome despite an indolent clinical course. The clinical presentation, the infrequent association with lymphoma/leukemia, and histology are similar to conventional LYP, although there appears to be a greater tendency for complete regression without recurrence, excluding cases of persistent agmination of LYP whereby the clinical course warrants categorization as a form of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL).

Alternate JournalClin Dermatol
PubMed ID35907581
Related Faculty: 
Cynthia M. Magro, M.D.

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