Increased proteasome degradation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 is associated with a decreased overall survival in mantle cell lymphoma.

TitleIncreased proteasome degradation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 is associated with a decreased overall survival in mantle cell lymphoma.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsChiarle R, Budel LM, Skolnik J, Frizzera G, Chilosi M, Corato A, Pizzolo G, Magidson J, Montagnoli A, Pagano M, Maes B, De Wolf-Peeters C, Inghirami G
Date Published2000 Jan 15
KeywordsB-Lymphocytes, Biomarkers, Tumor, Carrier Proteins, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27, Cyclin-Dependent Kinases, Cyclins, Cysteine Endopeptidases, DNA-Binding Proteins, E2F Transcription Factors, E2F1 Transcription Factor, Humans, Ki-67 Antigen, Lymphoid Tissue, Lymphoma, Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone, Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Multienzyme Complexes, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1, Survival Rate, Transcription Factor DP1, Transcription Factors, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Tumor Suppressor Proteins

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive neoplasm characterized by the deregulated expression of cyclin D1 by t(11;14). The molecular mechanisms responsible for MCL's clinical behavior remain unclear. The authors have investigated the expression of p53, E2F-1, and the CDK inhibitors p27 and p21 in 110 MCLs, relating their expression to proliferative activity (Ki-67). For comparison, they have similarly analyzed low-grade (12 MALT, 16 CLL/SLL) and high-grade (19 DLCL) lymphomas. p53 was detected more frequently in large-cell MCL (l-MCL; 5 of 7) than in classical MCL (s-MCL; 13 of 103) and DLCL (8 of 19). In MCL and DLCL, the percentage of E2F-1+ nuclei was high, correlating with high Ki-67 expression. Most MCLs (91 of 112) and DLCLs (12 of 19) showed a loss of p27; MALT and CLL/SLL, however, were p27 positive. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and in vitro protein degradation assays demonstrated that MCLs have normal p27 mRNA expression but increased p27 protein degradation activity via the proteasome pathway. Correlation of MCL p53 and p27 expression with clinical data showed an association between reduced overall survival rates and the overexpression of p53 (P =.001), the loss of p27 (P =. 002), or both. Loss of p27 identified patients with a worse clinical outcome among p53 negative cases (P =.002). These findings demonstrated that MCL has a distinct cell cycle protein expression similar to that of high-grade lymphoma. The loss of p27 and the overexpression of p53 in MCL are prognostic markers that identify patients at high risk. The demonstration that low levels of p27 in MCL result from enhanced proteasome-mediated degradation should encourage additional clinical trials. (Blood. 2000;95:619-626) (Blood. 2000;95:619-626)

Alternate JournalBlood
PubMed ID10627471
Grant ListCA14462 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA66229 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA76584 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
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