Oncogene-transformed granulosa cells as a model system for the study of steroidogenic processes.

TitleOncogene-transformed granulosa cells as a model system for the study of steroidogenic processes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsAmsterdam A, Hanukoglu I, Suh BS, Keren-Tal I, Plehn-Dujowich D, Sprengel R, Rennert H, Strauss JF
JournalJ Steroid Biochem Mol Biol
Date Published1992 Dec
KeywordsAdrenodoxin, Animals, Carrier Proteins, Cell Line, Transformed, Cells, Cultured, Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme, Cyclic AMP, Cytoskeleton, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Granulosa Cells, Oncogene Protein p21(ras), Ovarian Follicle, Progesterone, Rats, Receptors, GABA-A, Second Messenger Systems

Highly steroidogenic granulosa cell lines were established by transfection of primary granulosa cells from preovulatory follicles with SV40 DNA and Ha-ras oncogene. Progesterone production in these cells was enhanced to levels comparable to normal steroidogenic cells, by prolonged (> 12 h) stimulation with 8-Br-cAMP, forskolin and cholera toxin, which elevate intracellular cAMP. The steroidogenic capacity of individual lines correlated with the expression of the ras oncogene product (p21) and the morphology of the cells. Formation of the steroid hormones was associated with de novo synthesis of the mitochondrial cytochrome P450scc system proteins. Since cholesterol import into mitochondria is essential for steroidogenesis, the expression of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) and the sterol carrier protein 2 was characterized in these cells. The induction of the expression of the genes coding for both proteins appeared to be mediated, at least in part, by cAMP. Stimulation of the PBR by specific agonists enhanced progesterone production in these cells. The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) dramatically suppressed the cAMP-induced steroidogenesis, in spite of enhanced intracellular cAMP levels, suggesting that TPA can modify the effects of cAMP. cAMP stimulation suppressed growth of transformed cells concomitantly with induction of steroidogenesis. The transformed cells lacked receptors for the native stimulants, the gonadotropic hormones. After transfection of the cells with a lutropin (LH) receptor expression plasmid, the LH and hCG response was reconstituted. In these newly established cell lines gonadotropins were able to stimulate the formation of cAMP and progesterone in a dose-dependent manner with an ED₅₀ characteristic of the native receptor. High doses caused desensitization to gonadotropins as observed in normal cells. These newly established oncogene-transformed granulosa cell lines can serve as a useful model to study inducible steroidogenesis and the effect of oncogene expression on this process.

Alternate JournalJ Steroid Biochem Mol Biol
PubMed ID22217832
Related Faculty: 
Hanna Rennert, Ph.D.

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1300 York Avenue New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6464
Surgical Pathology: (212) 746-2700