Myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with FLT3 rearrangement.

TitleMyeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with FLT3 rearrangement.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsTang G, Tam W, Short NJ, Bose P, Wu D, Hurwitz SN, Bagg A, Rogers HJ, Hsi ED, Quesada AE, Wang W, Miranda RN, Bueso-Ramos CE, L Medeiros J, Nardi V, Hasserjian RP, Arber DA, Orazi A, Foucar K, Wang SA
JournalMod Pathol
Volume34
Issue9
Pagination1673-1685
Date Published2021 09
ISSN1530-0285
Abstract

Myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms (M/LN) with 13q12/FLT3 rearrangement have been suggested as candidates for possible inclusion in the World Health Organization classification group of M/LN with eosinophilia (M/LN-eo). We report 12 patients with confirmed FLT3 rearrangement, six with t(12;13)/ETV6-FLT3; one with ins(13;22)/BCR-FLT3; and five with an unconfirmed partner gene located on chromosome bands 2p16, 3q27, 5q15, 5q35, and 7q36. Disease presentations were heterogeneous, including lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma, myeloid sarcoma, chronic eosinophilic leukemia, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome. However, some common features were observed, such as extramedullary involvement (n = 7, 58%), associated eosinophilia in blood, bone marrow, or tissue (n = 8, 67%), multilineage involvement, either as biphasic myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms (n = 2) or mixed phenotype acute leukemia (n = 2). Mutations were detected in 4/8 (50%) patients by next-generation sequencing. None (0/10) had FLT3 or KIT mutations. Eleven patients received disease-based chemotherapy or hypomethylating agents, three received FLT3 inhibitors, and five patients proceeded to hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Together with a review of 16 cases published in the literature, it is apparent that M/LNs with FLT3 rearrangement show disease features reminiscent of members in the category of M/LN-eo with PDGFRA, PDGFRB, FGFR1, and PCM1/JAK2 rearrangement, characterized by a specific gene rearrangement, frequent eosinophilia, multi-lineage involvement and therapeutic benefit from kinase inhibitors.

DOI10.1038/s41379-021-00817-7
Alternate JournalMod Pathol
PubMed ID33990705
Related Faculty: 
Wayne Tam, M.D., Ph.D.

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