Massively parallel sequencing analysis of 68 gastric-type cervical adenocarcinomas reveals mutations in cell cycle-related genes and potentially targetable mutations.

TitleMassively parallel sequencing analysis of 68 gastric-type cervical adenocarcinomas reveals mutations in cell cycle-related genes and potentially targetable mutations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsSelenica P, Alemar B, Matrai C, Talia KL, Veras E, Hussein Y, Oliva E, Beets-Tan RGH, Mikami Y, W McCluggage G, Kiyokawa T, Weigelt B, Park KJ, Murali R
JournalMod Pathol
Volume34
Issue6
Pagination1213-1225
Date Published2021 06
ISSN1530-0285
Abstract

Gastric-type cervical adenocarcinoma (GCA) is an aggressive type of endocervical adenocarcinoma characterized by mucinous morphology, gastric-type mucin, lack of association with human papillomavirus (HPV) and resistance to chemo/radiotherapy. We characterized the landscape of genetic alterations in a large cohort of GCAs, and compared it with that of usual-type HPV-associated endocervical adenocarcinomas (UEAs), pancreatic adenocarcinomas (PAs) and intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas (IGAs). GCAs (n = 68) were subjected to massively parallel sequencing targeting 410-468 cancer-related genes. Somatic mutations and copy number alterations (CNAs) were determined using validated bioinformatics methods. Mutational data for UEAs (n = 21), PAs (n = 178), and IGAs (n = 148) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were obtained from cBioPortal. GCAs most frequently harbored somatic mutations in TP53 (41%), CDKN2A (18%), KRAS (18%), and STK11 (10%). Potentially targetable mutations were identified in ERBB3 (10%), ERBB2 (8%), and BRAF (4%). GCAs displayed low levels of CNAs with no recurrent amplifications or homozygous deletions. In contrast to UEAs, GCAs harbored more frequent mutations affecting cell cycle-related genes including TP53 (41% vs 5%, p < 0.01) and CDKN2A (18% vs 0%, p = 0.01), and fewer PIK3CA mutations (7% vs 33%, p = 0.01). TP53 mutations were less prevalent in GCAs compared to PAs (41% vs 56%, p < 0.05) and IGAs (41% vs 57%, p < 0.05). GCAs showed a higher frequency of STK11 mutations than PAs (10% vs 2%, p < 0.05) and IGAs (10% vs 1%, p < 0.05). GCAs harbored more frequent mutations in ERBB2 and ERBB3 (9% vs 1%, and 10% vs 0.5%, both p < 0.01) compared to PAs, and in CDKN2A (18% vs 1%, p < 0.05) and KRAS (18% vs 6%, p < 0.05) compared to IGAs. GCAs harbor recurrent somatic mutations in cell cycle-related genes and in potentially targetable genes, including ERBB2/3. Mutations in genes such as STK11 may be used as supportive evidence to help distinguish GCAs from other adenocarcinomas with similar morphology in metastatic sites.

DOI10.1038/s41379-020-00726-1
Alternate JournalMod Pathol
PubMed ID33318584
PubMed Central IDPMC8154628
Grant ListP30 CA008748 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
Related Faculty: 
Cathleen Matrai, M.D.

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1300 York Avenue New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6464
Surgical Pathology: (212) 746-2700