Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: genetics, mutations and microRNAs.

TitleAutosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: genetics, mutations and microRNAs.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsTan Y-C, Blumenfeld J, Rennert H
JournalBiochim Biophys Acta
Date Published2011 Oct
KeywordsAlternative Splicing, Animals, Base Sequence, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Variation, Humans, MicroRNAs, Mutation, Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant, TRPP Cation Channels

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common, monogenic multi-systemic disorder characterized by the development of renal cysts and various extrarenal manifestations. Worldwide, it is a common cause of end-stage renal disease. ADPKD is caused by mutation in either one of two principal genes, PKD1 and PKD2, but has large phenotypic variability among affected individuals, attributable to PKD genic and allelic variability and, possibly, modifier gene effects. Recent studies have generated considerable information regarding the genetic basis and molecular diagnosis of this disease, its pathogenesis, and potential strategies for targeted treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the genetics of ADPKD, including mechanisms responsible for disease development, the role of gene variations and mutations in disease presentation, and the putative role of microRNAs in ADPKD etiology. The emerging and important role of genetic testing and the advent of novel molecular diagnostic applications also are reviewed. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Alternate JournalBiochim Biophys Acta
PubMed ID21392578
Grant ListUL1RR024143 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
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Related Faculty: 
Hanna Rennert, Ph.D.

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